Endocrinology Quiz Question Answers Free Online Test

Endocrinology Quiz Question Answers Free Online Test For Medical Students like (PHD, M.Ch., D.M), Nurse related exam entrance.

We have put total 100 Objective Type Question Answers on Endocrinology, you can practice these question answers for free. Well these MCQs test question comes from different areas on Endocrinology.

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Endocrinology Quiz Question Answers (Total 20 MCQs)

Endocrinology Quiz (Medical) 20 Question Answers

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Question 1
Serine kinase receptors are associated with
A
GH
B
Prolactin
C
Activin
D
Insulin
Question 2
Receptor tyrosine kinase associated with
A
IGF-1
B
TRH
C
GHRH
D
Glucagon
Question 3
Cytokine receptor family belongs to
A
GH & Prolactin
B
GH & IGF-1
C
Prolactin & TRH
D
GH, Prolactin & Insulin
Question 4
Activated STAT proteins acts as
A
Transduction of receptor signal
B
Transcription factor
C
Both (Transduction of receptor signal & Transcription factor)
D
None of the above
Question 5
Structures of nuclear receptor extensively studied by
A
Ultrasound
B
X-ray crystallography
C
Nano indentation
D
Colour Doppler
Question 6
SELECT the Orphan receptor
A
VDR
B
PPAR
C
SF-1
D
ER
Question 7
All have Orphan receptors EXCEPT
A
VDR
B
SF-1
C
DAX-1
D
HNF-alpha
Question 8
All have heterodimer receptor EXCEPT
A
VDR
B
TR
C
PPAR
D
DAX-1
Question 9
All have Homodimer steroid receptor EXCEPT
A
Estrogen receptor (ER)
B
Androgen receptor (AR)
C
Prolactin receptor (PR)
D
Thyroid receptor (TR)
Question 10
Glucagon causes
A
Glycogenolysis
B
Gluconeogenesis
C
Glycogenolysis and Gluconeogenesis
D
None of the above
Question 11
Hormones involved in free water clearance are
A
Vasopressin
B
Cortisol
C
Thyroid hormon
D
All of the above
Question 12
Inhibin is a protein produced by
A
Hypothalamus
B
Pituitary
C
Granulosa cells
D
Theca cells
Question 13
Inhibin selectively suppresses.
A
FSH
B
LH
C
LH & FSH
D
GnRH
Question 14
Factors responsible for follicular vascularisation and rupture are
A
LH & FSH
B
Prostaglandin & VEGF
C
FSH and prostaglandins
D
FSH & VEGF
Question 15
Midcycle LH surge is due to
A
Estrogen mediated stimulation
B
Progesterone mediated stimulation
C
Both (Estrogen mediated stimulation & Progesterone mediated stimulation)
D
None of the above
Question 16
Example of signalling pathway mutation is
A
T2DM
B
Leptin resistance
C
GH deficiency
D
Albright's hereditary Osteodystrophy
Question 17
SELECT the example of hormone resistance due to post receptor mutation
A
Leptin resistance
B
Albright's hereditary Osteodystrophy
C
Type 1 DM
D
Maturity onset diabetes of young
Question 18
Pathogenesis of functional resistance involves
A
Receptor down regulation
B
Receptor up regulation
C
Post receptor desensitization
D
Receptor down and up regulation
Question 19
SELECT the correct statement
A
Klinefelter syndrome is more common than Turner syndrome
B
Approximate prevalence of hirsutism is 25 %
C
Primary hyperparathyroidism is more common in men
D
Approximately 1% of couple has infertility
Question 20
Screening test for menopause is
A
LH
B
Estrogen
C
FSH
D
Progesterone
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Endocrinology Quiz Question Answers (Total 80 MCQs)

Endocrinology Quiz (Medical) 80 Question Answers

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Question 1
Hypercortisolism is associated with
A
High sodium
B
Hyperkalemia
C
High sodium & low potassium
D
Low sodium & high potassium
Question 2
Select the hormone which is amino acid derivative but acts through intra cellularnuclear receptor
A
Thyroid hormone
B
Cortisol
C
Aldosterone
D
Androstenedion
Question 3
1 - alpha hydroxylation of 25(OH) D takes place in
A
Kidney
B
Liver
C
Spleen
D
Bone
Question 4
Most commonly secreted hormone from thyroid gland is
A
T4
B
T3
C
T2
D
rt3
Question 5
Most common cause of Hypercortisolism is
A
Cushing disease
B
Adrenal adenoma
C
Adrenocortical carcinoma
D
Adernal Incidentaloma
Question 6
Most common cause of thyrotoxicosis is
A
Multi nodular goitre
B
Toxic adenoma
C
Grave's disease
D
Iodine induced thyrotoxicosis
Question 7
Features suggestive of ectopic source ACTH secretion are all EXCEPT
A
Hypokalemia
B
Alkalosis
C
Acidosis
D
Hyperglycemia
Question 8
All are clinical features of hypocalcemia EXCEPT
A
Perioral paresthesia
B
Constipation
C
Carpal spasm
D
Pedal spasm
Question 9
Parathyroid hormone was discovered by
A
Clarke
B
Collip
C
Thomas Addison
D
Fuller Albright
Question 10
Specific binding protein for hormone activin is
A
Albumin
B
Globulin
C
Follistatin
D
Albumin & Globulin
Question 11
Most common cause of hyperandrogenism is
A
Idiopathic
B
PCOS
C
Drug induced
D
Adrenal cortical carcinoma
Question 12
Usual numbers of parathyroid glands are
A
4
B
3
C
2
D
5
Question 13
First hormone discovered was
A
Secretin
B
Durocrinin
C
ACTH
D
CRH
Question 14
Vitamin D toxicity is best assessed by measurement of
A
25(OH) D
B
1,25(OH)D
C
24,25(OH)D
D
None of the above
Question 15
Thyrocalcitonin
A
Elevates serum calcium
B
Reduces serum calcium
C
Elevates serum potassium
D
Reduces serum bicarbonate
Question 16
Cortisol doesn't cause
A
Glycogenolysis
B
Proteolysis
C
Lipolysis
D
Gluconeogenesis
Question 17
Primary cause of death in cushing disease is
A
Infections
B
Suicide
C
Cardiovascular
D
Malignancy
Question 18
MAP kinases involved in signalling of all EXCEPT.
A
Insulin
B
TGF-B
C
GH
D
Prolactin
Question 19
All are associated with increased TBG EXCEPT
A
Acute hepatitis
B
Pregnancy
C
Cirrhosis
D
Biliary cirrhosis
Question 20
Receptors for Catecholamine are present on.
A
Membrane
B
Nucleus
C
Mitochondria
D
Cytoplasm
Question 21
All are osteoanabolic agent EXCEPT
A
Antisclerostein antibody
B
Recombinant PTH
C
Sodium fluoride
D
Calcitonin
Question 22
The term endocrine was coined by
A
Starling
B
Fuller Albright
C
Banting and Best
D
Collip
Question 23
Cortisol is secreted from
A
Adernal medulla
B
Zona Glomerulosa
C
Zona Faciculata
D
Zona Reticularis
Question 24
SELECT osteoanabolic agent for treatment of osteoporosis
A
Recombinant PTH
B
Bisphosphonates
C
Auto antibody against RANK-L
D
Estrogen
Question 25
Which is NOT a symptom of adrenal insufficiency
A
Weakness
B
Hypoglycemia
C
Fatigue
D
Decreased pigmentation
Question 26
Flight & fight hormone is 
A
Glucagon
B
Cortisol
C
Epinephrine
D
Growth hormone
Question 27
Largest endocrine gland is
A
Parathyroid
B
Thyroid
C
Adrenal gland
D
Hypothalamus
Question 28
Hematopoietic features of hypercortisolism include all EXCEPT
A
Leukocytosis
B
Leukopenia
C
Lymphopenia
D
Eosinopenia
Question 29
Grave's disease characterised by all EXCEPT
A
Diffuse goitre
B
Dermopathy
C
Exophthalmos
D
Tonsillar enlargement
Question 30
SELECT most potent bisphosphonate
A
Ibandronate
B
Zoledronic acid
C
Alendronate
D
Etidronate
Question 31
ACTH receptors are exclusively present on
A
Adrenal cortex
B
Adrenal medulla
C
Gonads
D
Kidney
Question 32
Amino acid derived hormone is
A
Thyroid hormone
B
Aldosterone
C
Cortisol
D
Testosterone
Question 33
Amino acid derived hormone is
A
Epinephrine
B
Parathyroid hormone
C
Cortisol
D
Aldosterone
Question 34
Last organ discovered in human body is
A
Thyroid
B
Parathyroid gland
C
Hypothalamus
D
Cochlea
Question 35
Average weight of single parathyroid gland is
A
30-40 mg
B
100-200 mg
C
500 mg
D
1-2 gm
Question 36
Typical features of hypercortisolism are all EXCEPT
A
Proximal muscle weakness
B
Purple striae
C
Central obesity
D
Generalised obesity
Question 37
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) acts on
A
Proximal convulated tubule
B
Distal convulated tubule
C
Loop of Henle
D
Collecting duct
Question 38
ACTH dependent Cushing with maximum ACTH is
A
Pituitary ACTH secreting microadenoma
B
Pituitary ACTH secreting macroadenoma
C
Ectopic ACTH secreting tumor
D
All have similar levels
Question 39
Most common cause of Hypercalcemia is
A
Primary hyperparathyroidism
B
Parathyroid carcinoma
C
Hypoparathyroidism
D
Hyperthyroidism
Question 40
Angiotensinogen is synthesize in
A
Liver
B
Adrenal cortex
C
Adrenal medulla
D
Renal cortex
Question 41
TSH cut off to treat subclinical hypothyroidism
A
>10 m IU/L
B
>6 m IU/L
C
>20 m IU/L
D
>15 m IU/L
Question 42
FSH receptors only found in
A
Adrenal cortex
B
Adrenal medulla
C
Gonads
D
Kidney
Question 43
Glucocorticoid resistance syndrome characterised by all except
A
High cortisol
B
Clinical feature of cushing syndrome
C
Features of hyperandrogenism
D
High mineralocorticoid
Question 44
All hormones acts through nuclear receptor EXCEPT
A
Cortisol
B
Insulin
C
Thyroid hormone
D
Estrogen
Question 45
Select the hormone derived from cholesterol /cholesterol precursor
A
Cortisol
B
Insulin
C
Glucagon
D
FSH
Question 46
One mmol of calcium is equal to
A
4 mg
B
2 mg
C
12 mg
D
8 mg
Question 47
Ultrasound features of thyroid cancer are all EXCEPT
A
Hypo echoic
B
Micro calcification
C
Hyper echoic
D
Solid cystic component
Question 48
Condition associated with decreased thyroxin requirement is
A
Pregnancy
B
Weight gain
C
Malabsorption
D
Androgen therapy
Question 49
TSH receptor antibodies can be
A
Stimulatory
B
Inhibitory
C
Neutral
D
All of the above
Question 50
Calcium absorption occurs in
A
Stomach
B
Colon
C
Jejunum
D
None of the above
Question 51
Signalling pathway involved for Insulin are EXCEPT 
A
MAP kinases
B
PI3 kinase
C
Protein kinases
D
Inhibition of cyclic AMP
Question 52
Adrenal androgens are secreted from
A
Adrenal medulla
B
Zona Glomerulosa
C
Zona Faciculata
D
Zona Reticularis
Question 53
Circulating half life of T4 is
A
15 Days
B
30 Days
C
7 Days
D
60 Days
Question 54
Drug inhibit conversion from T4 to T3 is
A
Propranolol
B
Amlodipine
C
Metronidazole
D
Rifampicin
Question 55
 All are associated with seven transmembrane GPCR'S EXCEPT
A
LH
B
FSH
C
TSH
D
GH
Question 56
Most common ACTH Secreting pituitary adenoma is
A
Microadenoma
B
Macroadenoma
C
Mesoadenoma
D
Meso and macroadenoma are equally common
Question 57
All hormone are amino acid derivative except
A
Dopamine
B
Catecholamine
C
Thyroid hormone
D
Growth hormone
Question 58
Hormones belongs to glycoprotein family is / are
A
TSH
B
FSH
C
HCG
D
All of the above
Question 59
Biochemical manifestation of excess PTH is / rare
A
Hypercalcaemia
B
Hypophosphatemia
C
Hypercalcemia with hypophosphatemia
D
None of the above
Question 60
Precise and cost effective screening test for hyper cortisolism is
A
24 hour urinary free cortisol
B
Overnight dexamathasone suppression test
C
Low dose dexamethasone suppression test
D
CRH stimulation test
Question 61
Phenomenon which alters biological activity of hormones is/are
A
Glycosylation
B
Phosphorylation
C
Glycosylation and phosphorylation
D
None of the above
Question 62
Which is life saving hormone
A
Cortisol
B
Aldosterone
C
Growth hormone
D
Testosterone
Question 63
Adrenal tuberculosis is usually involves
A
Adrenal cortex
B
Adrenal medulla
C
Both (Adrenal cortex & Adrenal medulla)
D
Only reticularis
Question 64
HAIR-AN Syndrome consist of all EXCEPT
A
Hyperandrogenemia
B
Insulin Resistance
C
Insulin deficiency
D
Acanthosis Nigricans
Question 65
SHBG decreases due to
A
Insulin resistance
B
Androgen deficiency
C
Insulin resistance & androgen deficiency
D
Insulin sensitivity
Question 66
Target TSH In pregnancy is
A
2.5 m IU/L
B
5 m IU/L
C
1 m IU/L
D
8 m IU/L
Question 67
Receptors for vitamin D are present on
A
Membrane
B
Nucleus
C
Membrane & Nucleus
D
None of the above
Question 68
Peripheral nervous system stimulate
A
Adrenal cortex
B
Parathyroid gland
C
Thyroid gland
D
Adrenal medulla
Question 69
All are neuropeptides EXCEPT
A
GnRH
B
TRH
C
Vasopressin
D
Cortisol
Question 70
Paget's disease is characterised by
A
Elevated serum calcium
B
Hypophosphatemia
C
Elevated Alkaline phosphatase
D
Hypermagnesemia
Question 71
Drugs stimulate thyroid hormone catabolism EXCEPT
A
Phenytoin
B
Carbamezapine
C
Sertalin
D
IL-6
Question 72
Select the hormone which is glycoprotein in nature
A
FSH
B
Insulin
C
Glucagon
D
All of the above
Question 73
Looser's zone is characteristic radiological finding of
A
Osteoporosis
B
Paget's disease
C
Osteomalacia
D
Osteogenesis imperfecta
Question 74
Parathyroid gland is developed from
A
Endoderm
B
Ectoderm
C
Mesoderm
D
Endoderm & mesoderm
Question 75
Circulating half life of T3 is
A
24 Hours
B
7 Days
C
72 Hours
D
1 Month
Question 76
All are causes of hypercalcaemia EXCEPT
A
Sarcoidosis
B
Vitamin A toxicity
C
Vitamin D toxicity
D
Flurosis
Question 77
Vitamin D toxicity is defined as when 25(OH) D is more than
A
50 ng/ml
B
150 ng/ml
C
75 ng/ml
D
60 ng/ml
Question 78
Adrenal medulla is developed from
A
Ectoderm
B
Mesoderm
C
Endoderm
D
Ectoderm and mesoderm
Question 79
All are clinical features of hypercalcemia EXCEPT
A
Constipation
B
Diarrhoea
C
Anorexia
D
Loss of appetite
Question 80
All glycoprotein hormones are heterodimers and common
A
Beta subunit
B
Alpha subunit
C
Alpha & delta subunit
D
Beta & alpha subunit
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