Endocrinology Quiz Question Answers Free Online Test

Endocrinology Quiz Question Answers Free Online Test For Medical Students like (PHD, M.Ch., D.M), Nurse related exam entrance.

We have put total 100 Objective Type Question Answers on Endocrinology, you can practice these question answers for free. Well these MCQs test question comes from different areas on Endocrinology.

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Endocrinology Quiz Question Answers (Total 20 MCQs)

Endocrinology Quiz (Medical) 20 Question Answers

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Question 1
Serine kinase receptors are associated with
A
GH
B
Prolactin
C
Activin
D
Insulin
Question 2
Receptor tyrosine kinase associated with
A
IGF-1
B
TRH
C
GHRH
D
Glucagon
Question 3
Cytokine receptor family belongs to
A
GH & Prolactin
B
GH & IGF-1
C
Prolactin & TRH
D
GH, Prolactin & Insulin
Question 4
Activated STAT proteins acts as
A
Transduction of receptor signal
B
Transcription factor
C
Both (Transduction of receptor signal & Transcription factor)
D
None of the above
Question 5
Structures of nuclear receptor extensively studied by
A
Ultrasound
B
X-ray crystallography
C
Nano indentation
D
Colour Doppler
Question 6
SELECT the Orphan receptor
A
VDR
B
PPAR
C
SF-1
D
ER
Question 7
All have Orphan receptors EXCEPT
A
VDR
B
SF-1
C
DAX-1
D
HNF-alpha
Question 8
All have heterodimer receptor EXCEPT
A
VDR
B
TR
C
PPAR
D
DAX-1
Question 9
All have Homodimer steroid receptor EXCEPT
A
Estrogen receptor (ER)
B
Androgen receptor (AR)
C
Prolactin receptor (PR)
D
Thyroid receptor (TR)
Question 10
Glucagon causes
A
Glycogenolysis
B
Gluconeogenesis
C
Glycogenolysis and Gluconeogenesis
D
None of the above
Question 11
Hormones involved in free water clearance are
A
Vasopressin
B
Cortisol
C
Thyroid hormon
D
All of the above
Question 12
Inhibin is a protein produced by
A
Hypothalamus
B
Pituitary
C
Granulosa cells
D
Theca cells
Question 13
Inhibin selectively suppresses.
A
FSH
B
LH
C
LH & FSH
D
GnRH
Question 14
Factors responsible for follicular vascularisation and rupture are
A
LH & FSH
B
Prostaglandin & VEGF
C
FSH and prostaglandins
D
FSH & VEGF
Question 15
Midcycle LH surge is due to
A
Estrogen mediated stimulation
B
Progesterone mediated stimulation
C
Both (Estrogen mediated stimulation & Progesterone mediated stimulation)
D
None of the above
Question 16
Example of signalling pathway mutation is
A
T2DM
B
Leptin resistance
C
GH deficiency
D
Albright's hereditary Osteodystrophy
Question 17
SELECT the example of hormone resistance due to post receptor mutation
A
Leptin resistance
B
Albright's hereditary Osteodystrophy
C
Type 1 DM
D
Maturity onset diabetes of young
Question 18
Pathogenesis of functional resistance involves
A
Receptor down regulation
B
Receptor up regulation
C
Post receptor desensitization
D
Receptor down and up regulation
Question 19
SELECT the correct statement
A
Klinefelter syndrome is more common than Turner syndrome
B
Approximate prevalence of hirsutism is 25 %
C
Primary hyperparathyroidism is more common in men
D
Approximately 1% of couple has infertility
Question 20
Screening test for menopause is
A
LH
B
Estrogen
C
FSH
D
Progesterone
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Endocrinology Quiz Question Answers (Total 80 MCQs)

Endocrinology Quiz (Medical) 80 Question Answers

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Question 1
Looser's zone is characteristic radiological finding of
A
Osteoporosis
B
Paget's disease
C
Osteomalacia
D
Osteogenesis imperfecta
Question 2
Which is life saving hormone
A
Cortisol
B
Aldosterone
C
Growth hormone
D
Testosterone
Question 3
SELECT osteoanabolic agent for treatment of osteoporosis
A
Recombinant PTH
B
Bisphosphonates
C
Auto antibody against RANK-L
D
Estrogen
Question 4
Adrenal medulla is developed from
A
Ectoderm
B
Mesoderm
C
Endoderm
D
Ectoderm and mesoderm
Question 5
Vitamin D toxicity is defined as when 25(OH) D is more than
A
50 ng/ml
B
150 ng/ml
C
75 ng/ml
D
60 ng/ml
Question 6
HAIR-AN Syndrome consist of all EXCEPT
A
Hyperandrogenemia
B
Insulin Resistance
C
Insulin deficiency
D
Acanthosis Nigricans
Question 7
Peripheral nervous system stimulate
A
Adrenal cortex
B
Parathyroid gland
C
Thyroid gland
D
Adrenal medulla
Question 8
Receptors for Catecholamine are present on.
A
Membrane
B
Nucleus
C
Mitochondria
D
Cytoplasm
Question 9
Paget's disease is characterised by
A
Elevated serum calcium
B
Hypophosphatemia
C
Elevated Alkaline phosphatase
D
Hypermagnesemia
Question 10
Adrenal androgens are secreted from
A
Adrenal medulla
B
Zona Glomerulosa
C
Zona Faciculata
D
Zona Reticularis
Question 11
Amino acid derived hormone is
A
Epinephrine
B
Parathyroid hormone
C
Cortisol
D
Aldosterone
Question 12
Select the hormone which is amino acid derivative but acts through intra cellularnuclear receptor
A
Thyroid hormone
B
Cortisol
C
Aldosterone
D
Androstenedion
Question 13
ACTH dependent Cushing with maximum ACTH is
A
Pituitary ACTH secreting microadenoma
B
Pituitary ACTH secreting macroadenoma
C
Ectopic ACTH secreting tumor
D
All have similar levels
Question 14
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) acts on
A
Proximal convulated tubule
B
Distal convulated tubule
C
Loop of Henle
D
Collecting duct
Question 15
Amino acid derived hormone is
A
Thyroid hormone
B
Aldosterone
C
Cortisol
D
Testosterone
Question 16
Select the hormone which is glycoprotein in nature
A
FSH
B
Insulin
C
Glucagon
D
All of the above
Question 17
All hormone are amino acid derivative except
A
Dopamine
B
Catecholamine
C
Thyroid hormone
D
Growth hormone
Question 18
Typical features of hypercortisolism are all EXCEPT
A
Proximal muscle weakness
B
Purple striae
C
Central obesity
D
Generalised obesity
Question 19
SELECT most potent bisphosphonate
A
Ibandronate
B
Zoledronic acid
C
Alendronate
D
Etidronate
Question 20
1 - alpha hydroxylation of 25(OH) D takes place in
A
Kidney
B
Liver
C
Spleen
D
Bone
Question 21
All are osteoanabolic agent EXCEPT
A
Antisclerostein antibody
B
Recombinant PTH
C
Sodium fluoride
D
Calcitonin
Question 22
All are clinical features of hypocalcemia EXCEPT
A
Perioral paresthesia
B
Constipation
C
Carpal spasm
D
Pedal spasm
Question 23
Circulating half life of T3 is
A
24 Hours
B
7 Days
C
72 Hours
D
1 Month
Question 24
ACTH receptors are exclusively present on
A
Adrenal cortex
B
Adrenal medulla
C
Gonads
D
Kidney
Question 25
Last organ discovered in human body is
A
Thyroid
B
Parathyroid gland
C
Hypothalamus
D
Cochlea
Question 26
Receptors for vitamin D are present on
A
Membrane
B
Nucleus
C
Membrane & Nucleus
D
None of the above
Question 27
Most common cause of hyperandrogenism is
A
Idiopathic
B
PCOS
C
Drug induced
D
Adrenal cortical carcinoma
Question 28
All glycoprotein hormones are heterodimers and common
A
Beta subunit
B
Alpha subunit
C
Alpha & delta subunit
D
Beta & alpha subunit
Question 29
Target TSH In pregnancy is
A
2.5 m IU/L
B
5 m IU/L
C
1 m IU/L
D
8 m IU/L
Question 30
 All are associated with seven transmembrane GPCR'S EXCEPT
A
LH
B
FSH
C
TSH
D
GH
Question 31
Angiotensinogen is synthesize in
A
Liver
B
Adrenal cortex
C
Adrenal medulla
D
Renal cortex
Question 32
Hormones belongs to glycoprotein family is / are
A
TSH
B
FSH
C
HCG
D
All of the above
Question 33
Specific binding protein for hormone activin is
A
Albumin
B
Globulin
C
Follistatin
D
Albumin & Globulin
Question 34
Flight & fight hormone is 
A
Glucagon
B
Cortisol
C
Epinephrine
D
Growth hormone
Question 35
Glucocorticoid resistance syndrome characterised by all except
A
High cortisol
B
Clinical feature of cushing syndrome
C
Features of hyperandrogenism
D
High mineralocorticoid
Question 36
Grave's disease characterised by all EXCEPT
A
Diffuse goitre
B
Dermopathy
C
Exophthalmos
D
Tonsillar enlargement
Question 37
Phenomenon which alters biological activity of hormones is/are
A
Glycosylation
B
Phosphorylation
C
Glycosylation and phosphorylation
D
None of the above
Question 38
Biochemical manifestation of excess PTH is / rare
A
Hypercalcaemia
B
Hypophosphatemia
C
Hypercalcemia with hypophosphatemia
D
None of the above
Question 39
Features suggestive of ectopic source ACTH secretion are all EXCEPT
A
Hypokalemia
B
Alkalosis
C
Acidosis
D
Hyperglycemia
Question 40
Which is NOT a symptom of adrenal insufficiency
A
Weakness
B
Hypoglycemia
C
Fatigue
D
Decreased pigmentation
Question 41
Ultrasound features of thyroid cancer are all EXCEPT
A
Hypo echoic
B
Micro calcification
C
Hyper echoic
D
Solid cystic component
Question 42
Select the hormone derived from cholesterol /cholesterol precursor
A
Cortisol
B
Insulin
C
Glucagon
D
FSH
Question 43
All are neuropeptides EXCEPT
A
GnRH
B
TRH
C
Vasopressin
D
Cortisol
Question 44
Drug inhibit conversion from T4 to T3 is
A
Propranolol
B
Amlodipine
C
Metronidazole
D
Rifampicin
Question 45
Largest endocrine gland is
A
Parathyroid
B
Thyroid
C
Adrenal gland
D
Hypothalamus
Question 46
Vitamin D toxicity is best assessed by measurement of
A
25(OH) D
B
1,25(OH)D
C
24,25(OH)D
D
None of the above
Question 47
All are clinical features of hypercalcemia EXCEPT
A
Constipation
B
Diarrhoea
C
Anorexia
D
Loss of appetite
Question 48
TSH receptor antibodies can be
A
Stimulatory
B
Inhibitory
C
Neutral
D
All of the above
Question 49
Primary cause of death in cushing disease is
A
Infections
B
Suicide
C
Cardiovascular
D
Malignancy
Question 50
SHBG decreases due to
A
Insulin resistance
B
Androgen deficiency
C
Insulin resistance & androgen deficiency
D
Insulin sensitivity
Question 51
Cortisol doesn't cause
A
Glycogenolysis
B
Proteolysis
C
Lipolysis
D
Gluconeogenesis
Question 52
FSH receptors only found in
A
Adrenal cortex
B
Adrenal medulla
C
Gonads
D
Kidney
Question 53
Most common cause of thyrotoxicosis is
A
Multi nodular goitre
B
Toxic adenoma
C
Grave's disease
D
Iodine induced thyrotoxicosis
Question 54
Adrenal tuberculosis is usually involves
A
Adrenal cortex
B
Adrenal medulla
C
Both (Adrenal cortex & Adrenal medulla)
D
Only reticularis
Question 55
Drugs stimulate thyroid hormone catabolism EXCEPT
A
Phenytoin
B
Carbamezapine
C
Sertalin
D
IL-6
Question 56
TSH cut off to treat subclinical hypothyroidism
A
>10 m IU/L
B
>6 m IU/L
C
>20 m IU/L
D
>15 m IU/L
Question 57
Usual numbers of parathyroid glands are
A
4
B
3
C
2
D
5
Question 58
Precise and cost effective screening test for hyper cortisolism is
A
24 hour urinary free cortisol
B
Overnight dexamathasone suppression test
C
Low dose dexamethasone suppression test
D
CRH stimulation test
Question 59
Thyrocalcitonin
A
Elevates serum calcium
B
Reduces serum calcium
C
Elevates serum potassium
D
Reduces serum bicarbonate
Question 60
Most common cause of Hypercortisolism is
A
Cushing disease
B
Adrenal adenoma
C
Adrenocortical carcinoma
D
Adernal Incidentaloma
Question 61
Parathyroid hormone was discovered by
A
Clarke
B
Collip
C
Thomas Addison
D
Fuller Albright
Question 62
All are causes of hypercalcaemia EXCEPT
A
Sarcoidosis
B
Vitamin A toxicity
C
Vitamin D toxicity
D
Flurosis
Question 63
Hypercortisolism is associated with
A
High sodium
B
Hyperkalemia
C
High sodium & low potassium
D
Low sodium & high potassium
Question 64
The term endocrine was coined by
A
Starling
B
Fuller Albright
C
Banting and Best
D
Collip
Question 65
Signalling pathway involved for Insulin are EXCEPT 
A
MAP kinases
B
PI3 kinase
C
Protein kinases
D
Inhibition of cyclic AMP
Question 66
Most common ACTH Secreting pituitary adenoma is
A
Microadenoma
B
Macroadenoma
C
Mesoadenoma
D
Meso and macroadenoma are equally common
Question 67
Most commonly secreted hormone from thyroid gland is
A
T4
B
T3
C
T2
D
rt3
Question 68
Cortisol is secreted from
A
Adernal medulla
B
Zona Glomerulosa
C
Zona Faciculata
D
Zona Reticularis
Question 69
All are associated with increased TBG EXCEPT
A
Acute hepatitis
B
Pregnancy
C
Cirrhosis
D
Biliary cirrhosis
Question 70
One mmol of calcium is equal to
A
4 mg
B
2 mg
C
12 mg
D
8 mg
Question 71
Average weight of single parathyroid gland is
A
30-40 mg
B
100-200 mg
C
500 mg
D
1-2 gm
Question 72
Most common cause of Hypercalcemia is
A
Primary hyperparathyroidism
B
Parathyroid carcinoma
C
Hypoparathyroidism
D
Hyperthyroidism
Question 73
Hematopoietic features of hypercortisolism include all EXCEPT
A
Leukocytosis
B
Leukopenia
C
Lymphopenia
D
Eosinopenia
Question 74
Condition associated with decreased thyroxin requirement is
A
Pregnancy
B
Weight gain
C
Malabsorption
D
Androgen therapy
Question 75
Parathyroid gland is developed from
A
Endoderm
B
Ectoderm
C
Mesoderm
D
Endoderm & mesoderm
Question 76
All hormones acts through nuclear receptor EXCEPT
A
Cortisol
B
Insulin
C
Thyroid hormone
D
Estrogen
Question 77
Calcium absorption occurs in
A
Stomach
B
Colon
C
Jejunum
D
None of the above
Question 78
Circulating half life of T4 is
A
15 Days
B
30 Days
C
7 Days
D
60 Days
Question 79
First hormone discovered was
A
Secretin
B
Durocrinin
C
ACTH
D
CRH
Question 80
MAP kinases involved in signalling of all EXCEPT.
A
Insulin
B
TGF-B
C
GH
D
Prolactin
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