# Logical Reasoning Question Answers

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## Logical Reasoning Test

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 Question 1
What should come next in the following number series ?4 5 3 2 1 5 4 5 3 2 1 4 4 5 3 2 1 3 4 5 3 2 1
 A 1 B 4 C 2 D None of these
 Question 2
Consider five people Ajit , Binu, Cedric , Derek and Ella , each having different age. Ajit  is younger than only Binu. Cedric  is older than Derek. Derek is not the youngest.Who amongst the following are older than Cedric ?
 A Only Ajit and Binu B Only Ella, Binu and Ajit C Only Ajit and Ella D None of these
 Question 3
Directions (Qs. 3-6) : Read the following information carefully and answer the questions which follow X, F, A, Z, P and K live on different floors in the same building having six floors numbered one to six (the ground floor is numbered 1, the floor above it, numbered 2 and so on and the topmost floor is numbered 6).F lives on an even numbered floor. Only two people live between the floors on which F and K live. Z lives on a floor immediately above the floor on which R lives. Z does not live on an odd numbered floor. X does not live on a floor which is immediately above or immediately -below the floor on which P lives. X does not live on the lowermost floor i.e. floor No. 1.
1. Who amongst the following live on the floors exactly between the floors on which F and K live ?

 A A, Z B X, A C Z, P D X, P
 Question 4
Directions (Qs. 3-6) : Read the following information carefully and answer the questions which follow X, F, A, Z, P and K live on different floors in the same building having six floors numbered one to six (the ground floor is numbered 1, the floor above it, numbered 2 and so on and the topmost floor is numbered 6).F lives on an even numbered floor. Only two people live between the floors on which F and K live. Z lives on a floor immediately above the floor on which R lives. Z does not live on an odd numbered floor. X does not live on a floor which is immediately above or immediately -below the floor on which P lives. X does not live on the lowermost floor i.e. floor No. 1.
1. Who amongst the following lives on floor number 5 ?

 A X B F C P D K
 Question 5
Directions (Qs. 3-6) : Read the following information carefully and answer the questions which follow X, F, A, Z, P and K live on different floors in the same building having six floors numbered one to six (the ground floor is numbered 1, the floor above it, numbered 2 and so on and the topmost floor is numbered 6).F lives on an even numbered floor. Only two people live between the floors on which F and K live. Z lives on a floor immediately above the floor on which R lives. Z does not live on an odd numbered floor. X does not live on a floor which is immediately above or immediately -below the floor on which P lives. X does not live on the lowermost floor i.e. floor No. 1.
1. On which of the following floors does P live ?

 A 3rd B 5th C 1st D 4th
 Question 6
Directions (Qs. 3-6) : Read the following information carefully and answer the questions which follow X, F, A, Z, P and K live on different floors in the same building having six floors numbered one to six (the ground floor is numbered 1, the floor above it, numbered 2 and so on and the topmost floor is numbered 6).F lives on an even numbered floor. Only two people live between the floors on which F and K live. Z lives on a floor immediately above the floor on which R lives. Z does not live on an odd numbered floor. X does not live on a floor which is immediately above or immediately -below the floor on which P lives. X does not live on the lowermost floor i.e. floor No. 1.
1. How many people live on the floors above the floor on which X lives ?

 A None B One C Two D Three
 Question 7
Directions (Qs. 7-9) : Study the following information to answer the given questions .Each of the five friends, Rajesh, Bijesh, Harish, Dinesh and Shailesh scored different marks in an examination. Maximum marks of the examination are 100. Bijesh scored more than Shailesh but less than Harish Only two people scored more than Rajesh. Shailsh did not score the minimum marks. The one who scored second highest marks scored 87%. Shailesh scored 72% marks.
1. How many people scored more than Shailesh in the examination?

 A None B Two C Three D Cannot be determined
 Question 8
Directions (Qs. 7-9) : Study the following information to answer the given questions .Each of the five friends, Rajesh, Bijesh, Harish, Dinesh and Shailesh scored different marks in an examination. Maximum marks of the examination are 100. Bijesh scored more than Shailesh but less than Harish Only two people scored more than Rajesh. Shailsh did not score the minimum marks. The one who scored second highest marks scored 87%. Shailesh scored 72% marks.
1. Who amongst the following possibly scored 81% marks?

 A Harish B Dinesh C Rajesh D Either Harish or Bijesh
 Question 9
Directions (Qs. 7-9) : Study the following information to answer the given questions .Each of the five friends, Rajesh, Bijesh, Harish, Dinesh and Shailesh scored different marks in an examination. Maximum marks of the examination are 100. Bijesh scored more than Shailesh but less than Harish Only two people scored more than Rajesh. Shailsh did not score the minimum marks. The one who scored second highest marks scored 87%. Shailesh scored 72% marks.
1. Which of the following percentages may correctly represent Harish's percentage in the exam ?

 A 65% B 74% C 87% D 89%
 Question 10
Directions (Qs. 10-14) : Study the following information to answer the given questions :Eight people are sitting in two parallel rows containing four people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons.In row-1  U, V, W and X are seated (but not necessarily in the same order) and all of them are facing South. In row-2 P, Q, R and S are seated (but not necessarily in the same order) and all of them are facing North. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row.R sits second to left of the person who faces U. S is an immediate neighbor of R. Only one person sits between U and X. One of the immediate neighbors of W faces Q. V does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line.
1. Who amongst the following sits second to the right of the person who faces P ?

 A U B V C W D Cannot be determined
 Question 11
Directions (Qs. 10-14) : Study the following information to answer the given questions :Eight people are sitting in two parallel rows containing four people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons.In row-1  U, V, W and X are seated (but not necessarily in the same order) and all of them are facing South. In row-2 P, Q, R and S are seated (but not necessarily in the same order) and all of them are facing North. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row.R sits second to left of the person who faces U. S is an immediate neighbor of R. Only one person sits between U and X. One of the immediate neighbors of W faces Q. V does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line.
1. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on the given seating arrangement and thus form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group ?

 A W B R C Q D P
 Question 12
Directions (Qs. 10-14) : Study the following information to answer the given questions :Eight people are sitting in two parallel rows containing four people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons.In row-1  U, V, W and X are seated (but not necessarily in the same order) and all of them are facing South. In row-2 P, Q, R and S are seated (but not necessarily in the same order) and all of them are facing North. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row.R sits second to left of the person who faces U. S is an immediate neighbor of R. Only one person sits between U and X. One of the immediate neighbors of W faces Q. V does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line.
1. Which of the following is true regarding W ?

 A W sits second to right of X B U sits to immediate right of W C S faces W D X is an immediate neighbor of W
 Question 13
Directions (Qs. 10-14) : Study the following information to answer the given questions :Eight people are sitting in two parallel rows containing four people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons.In row-1  U, V, W and X are seated (but not necessarily in the same order) and all of them are facing South. In row-2 P, Q, R and S are seated (but not necessarily in the same order) and all of them are facing North. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row.R sits second to left of the person who faces U. S is an immediate neighbor of R. Only one person sits between U and X. One of the immediate neighbors of W faces Q. V does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line.
1. Who amongst the following faces R?

 A U B V C X D Cannot be determined
 Question 14
Directions (Qs. 10-14) : Study the following information to answer the given questions :Eight people are sitting in two parallel rows containing four people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons.In row-1  U, V, W and X are seated (but not necessarily in the same order) and all of them are facing South. In row-2 P, Q, R and S are seated (but not necessarily in the same order) and all of them are facing North. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row.R sits second to left of the person who faces U. S is an immediate neighbor of R. Only one person sits between U and X. One of the immediate neighbors of W faces Q. V does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line.
1. Who amongst the following faces V?

 A P B Q C R D S
 Question 15
Directions (Qs. 15 – 17). Which of the phrases (1), (2), (3) and (4) given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold in the sentence to make it grammatically correct? If the sentence is correct as it is given and’ No correction is required’’, mark (5) as the answer
1. Cultivating good hobbies are an excellent way of reducing the stress of daily living.
 A is an excellent way of B be an excellent way of C are excellent way of D No correction required
 Question 16
Directions (Qs. 15 – 17). Which of the phrases (1), (2), (3) and (4) given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold in the sentence to make it grammatically correct? If the sentence is correct as it is given and’ No correction is required’’, mark (5) as the answer
1. The business group needs to reform not only its business and marketing strategies, but also its organizational structure.

 A needed to reforming B Needs to reforming C needed for reform D No correction required
 Question 17
Directions (Qs. 15 – 17). Which of the phrases (1), (2), (3) and (4) given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold in the sentence to make it grammatically correct? If the sentence is correct as it is given and’ No correction is required’’, mark (5) as the answer
1. I challenged Simon to produce the authority letter which I knew had not been issued to him

 A was not been issued to B had not being issued to C have not been issued to D No correction required
 Question 18
Directions (Qs. 18 - 22 ) : Read the following information to answer these questions:Raghu, Raj, Bhim, Shubh, Labh, Yayu and Agni are seven members are standing in a row (not necessarily in the same order) facing the North.Bhim and Raj have as many members between them as Agni and Bhim have.Shubh, who is 3rd from the extreme left , is 3rd to the left of Labh.Raghu & Shubh and Yayu & Bhim are neighbors.
1. Which of the following statements is false?

 A Raghu is 3rd to the left of Yayu B Shubh is 4th to the left of Labh C Yayu is 3rd to the right of Raghu D Raj is 3rd to the right of Bhim
 Question 19
Directions (Qs. 18 - 22 ) : Read the following information to answer these questions:Raghu, Raj, Bhim, Shubh, Labh, Yayu and Agni are seven members are standing in a row (not necessarily in the same order) facing the North.Bhim and Raj have as many members between them as Agni and Bhim have.Shubh, who is 3rd from the extreme left , is 3rd to the left of Labh.Raghu & Shubh and Yayu & Bhim are neighbors.  19) Which of the following statement is true?
 A Bhim and Labh are neighbors B Labh is to the immediate left of Yayu C Bhim is to the immediate left of Shubh D Raghu is to the immediate left of Shubh
 Question 20
Directions (Qs. 18 - 22 ) : Read the following information to answer these questions:Raghu, Raj, Bhim, Shubh, Labh, Yayu and Agni are seven members are standing in a row (not necessarily in the same order) facing the North.Bhim and Raj have as many members between them as Agni and Bhim have.Shubh, who is 3rd from the extreme left , is 3rd to the left of Labh.Raghu & Shubh and Yayu & Bhim are neighbors. 20 . Who is at the extreme right ?
 A Data inadequate B Agni C Raj D Labh
 Question 21
Directions (Qs. 18 - 22 ) : Read the following information to answer these questions:Raghu, Raj, Bhim, Shubh, Labh, Yayu and Agni are seven members are standing in a row (not necessarily in the same order) facing the North.Bhim and Raj have as many members between them as Agni and Bhim have.Shubh, who is 3rd from the extreme left , is 3rd to the left of Labh.Raghu & Shubh and Yayu & Bhim are neighbors.
1. Which of the following gives two pairs neighbors?

 A Raghu, Bhim and Shubh, Bhim B Raghu, Raj and Labh, Agni C Shubh, Bhim and Labh, Yayu D Bhim, Yayu and Bhim, Labh
 Question 22
Directions (Qs. 18 - 22 ) : Read the following information to answer these questions:Raghu, Raj, Bhim, Shubh, Labh, Yayu and Agni are seven members are standing in a row (not necessarily in the same order) facing the North.Bhim and Raj have as many members between them as Agni and Bhim have.Shubh, who is 3rd from the extreme left , is 3rd to the left of Labh.Raghu & Shubh and Yayu & Bhim are neighbors.  22  What is the position of Yayu?
 A Immediate to the right of Labh B Third to the left of Agni C Immediate to the left of Bhim D None of these
 Question 23
Directions (Qs. 23-24) : In each question/group of questions below are two/three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the two/three given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts. Give answer : (1) if only and exactly one of the conclusions  follows  (2) if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows (3) if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows (4) if both conclusion I and conclusion II follow
1. Statements : No bank is a school. Some schools are colleges.
Conclusions :     I. Some colleges are definitely not schools
1. All banks being colleges is a possibility
 A 1 B 2 C 3 D 4
 Question 24
Directions (Qs. 23-24) : In each question/group of questions below are two/three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the two/three given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts. Give answer : (1) if only and exactly one of the conclusions  follows  (2) if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows (3) if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows (4) if both conclusion I and conclusion II follow
1. Statements : Some carts are trolleys. All baskets are trolleys.
Conclusions :              I. At least some baskets are carts.
1. All trolleys are baskets
 A 1 B 2 C 3 D 4
 Question 25
1. How many pairs of letters are there in the word SPONTANEOUS which have number of letters between them in the word one less than the number of letters between them in English alphabet?

 A 5 B 1 C 4 D 2
 Question 26
1. In a row of children facing north, A stands 15th from left and B stands 9th from left. C who stands exactly between A and B is 7th from right. What is the total number of children standing in the row ?

 A 21 B 17 C 18 D 19
 Question 27
Directions (Qs. 27-29 ) : Each of the following questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and give answer :(1) If the data in Statement only and exactly one of the Statements alone is sufficient to answer the question, while the data in other Statement alone is not sufficient to answer the question.  (2) If the data in either Statement I alone or Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question. (3) If the data in both the Statements I and II are not sufficient to answer the question. (4) If the data in both the Statements I and II are together necessary to answer the question.
1. Consider three friends Ram, Shyam and Sohan and their professions doctor, architect and engineer (not necessarily in the same order). Who is a doctor amongst these three ?
Shyam is an architect. Ram is not an engineer.Either Ram or Shyam is a doctor. Either Ram or Sohan is a doctor.
 A 1 B 2 C 3 D 4
 Question 28
Directions (Qs. 27-29 ) : Each of the following questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and give answer :(1) If the data in Statement only and exactly one of the Statements alone is sufficient to answer the question, while the data in other Statement alone is not sufficient to answer the question. (2) If the data in either Statement I alone or Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.(3) If the data in both the Statements I and II are not sufficient to answer the question.(4) If the data in both the Statements I and II are together necessary to answer the question.
1. How many females are there in the family of four people (P, Q, R and S — consisting of a married couple and two children) ?
P is the father of S. S is the sister of Q.R is the mother of Q.
 A 1 B 2 C 3 D 4
 Question 29
Directions (Qs. 27-29 ) : Each of the following questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and give answer :(1) If the data in Statement only and exactly one of the Statements alone is sufficient to answer the question, while the data in other Statement alone is not sufficient to answer the question.  (2) If the data in either Statement I alone or Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question. (3) If the data in both the Statements I and II are not sufficient to answer the question. (4) If the data in both the Statements I and II are together necessary to answer the question.
1. What is the code for "writing paper" ?
"Read a paper" is written as "817". "Thinking and writing" is coded as "624"."Writing with pen" is written as "453". "Paper and pen" is written as "723".
 A 1 B 2 C 3 D 4
 Question 30
1. If ‘water’ is called ‘food’, ‘food’ is called ‘tree’, ‘tree’ is called ‘sky’, ‘sky’ is called ‘wall’, on which of the following does a ‘fruit’ grow?

 A Water B Food C Tree D Sky
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