Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Quiz Question Answers

Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Quiz Question Answers Free Online Test For Medical Students like (PHD, M.Ch., D.M), Nurse related exam entrance.

We have put total 100 Objective Type Question Answers on Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery , you can practice these question answers for free. Well these MCQs test question comes from different areas on Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery .

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Cardiovascular Quiz Question Answers (Total 20 MCQs)

Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Quiz 20 MCQs

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Question 1
Most common site of Distant Metastasis of lung cancer
A
Brain
B
Liver
C
Stomach
D
Adrenal gland
Question 2
Test used for confirming radial artry and palmar arch pateny is 
A
Allen's test
B
Adam's test
C
Adson's test
D
None of the above
Question 3
Investigation of choice in pulmonary embolism is
A
ECG
B
CXR
C
ECHO
D
Ventilation perfusion scan
Question 4
Central Cyanosis is seen in
A
Hypothermia
B
Vasoconstrictor use
C
Low cardiac output
D
RVOT obstruction
Question 5
Figure of 8' is a chest X-ray finding seen in
A
TAPVC
B
TGA
C
TOF
D
Trunthes arteriosis
Question 6
Pulseless disease is
A
PAN
B
Wegeners granulomatosis
C
Kawasaki disease
D
Takayasu desease
Question 7
Which one plays the central role in the pathophysiology of at atherosclenosis is
A
Endothelial cells
B
Vascular smooth muscle cells
C
Platelets
D
Lymphocytes
Question 8
Differential Cyanosis is seen in
A
TAPVC
B
PDA
C
Congential Co-arctation of Aorta
D
Aorto pulmonary window
Question 9
WPW Syndrome is associated with
A
ASD
B
VSD
C
Ebsten's anomaly
D
Truncus arteriosus
Question 10
Pulmonary astery Banding indications are
A
LV preparation for an arterial switch operation
B
PDA
C
ASD
D
TOF
Question 11
Following is used in Modified Blalocck Taussing shunt
A
PTFE graft
B
Vein graft
C
Arterial graft
D
None of the above
Question 12
Triangle of Koch is formed by all except
A
Cornary Sinus
B
Conduction tissue
C
Septal leaflet
D
Tendon of Todaro
Question 13
Most common type of ASD is
A
Ostecum seconduon type
B
Osteum primum type
C
Sinus venosus type
D
Coronary sinus type
Question 14
What percentage of VSD close spontaneously within a year after birth.
A
8-0%
B
50-70%
C
40-50%
D
20%
Question 15
Criteria for percutaneous closure of ASD;s include.
A
Defects upto 40 mm and 5 mm rim
B
Defects upto 50 mm and 3mm rim
C
Defects of Any size
D
None of the above
Question 16
Mortality rate for uncomplicated ASD closure surgically
A
<5%
B
<3%
C
<2%
D
<1%
Question 17
Acute pulmonary hypertension is treated with all of the following except
A
Hyperventilation with 100% O2
B
NaHCo3
C
Sedation with opioids
D
Co2 retention measures
Question 18
Barium X-ray finding of achalasia cardia is
A
Bird's Beak
B
Rats tail
C
Dows long
D
None
Question 19
Cerebral abscess is commonly seen in
A
ASD
B
PdA
C
TOF
D
RVOT obstruction
Question 20
Last stage of clubbing include
A
Spoon shaped
B
Hypertrophic
C
Drum stick
D
None of the above
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Thoracic Surgery Quiz Question Answers (Total 80 MCQs)

Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Quiz 80 MCQs

Congratulations - you have completed Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Quiz 80 MCQs.You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%.Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
Hydatid cyst of lung is caused by
A
Echinococcus
B
Wucherenia Banciofta
C
Entamocha histolytica
D
Trypanosorna cruzi
Question 2
Esophageal Adenocarcinoma most commonly occurs in
A
Cervical esophagus
B
Upper thoracic esophagus
C
Mid thoracic esophagus
D
Lower thoracic esophagus
Question 3
The Cockett perforator veins are located in the
A
medial thigh
B
lateral thigh
C
Medial lower
D
Lateral lower leg
Question 4
The most common location of venous ulceration is
A
proximal to lateral malleolus
B
proximal to medial malleolus
C
calf
D
toes
Question 5
Which valve is primarily affected in Ebsteins anomaly
A
Aortic
B
Mitral
C
Pulmonary
D
Tricuspid
Question 6
In emergency which artery can be safely ligated:
A
Internal iliac
B
Popliteal
C
Renal
D
Internal carotid
Question 7
the gold standard for diagnosis of Takayasu's arteritis is
A
Chest Xray
B
Angiography
C
CT scan
D
C-reactive protein
Question 8
Most common form of primary lymphedema is
A
lymphedema tarda
B
lymphedema precox
C
Filariasis
D
congenital lymphedema
Question 9
All is true regarding COA except:
A
associated with bicuspid aortic valve and VSD
B
Most common cardiac defect in turnner syndrome
C
Norwood is procedure of choice
D
Part of Shone complex
Question 10
Most common lobe of lung cancer is
A
Right upper lobe
B
Left upper lboe
C
Left middle lobe (Lingula)
D
Right lower lobe
Question 11
Clinical features of carotid atherosclerosis include
A
TIA
B
Amaurosisfugax
C
Stroke
D
All of the above
Question 12
Phlegmasia cerulia Albans is seen in
A
DVT
B
Atherosclerosis
C
Femoral artery thrombosis
D
Fracture shaft of femur
Question 13
All of the following are seen in persistent vomiting EXCEPT:
A
Hypokalemia
B
Decreased potassium in urine
C
Elevated PH of Blood
D
Metabolic alkalosis
Question 14
The most common cause of aortic stenosis
A
Congenital
B
Acquired calcific disease
C
Bicuspid aortic valve
D
Rheumatic disease
Question 15
MC types of lung cancer is
A
Nonsquamous lung cancer
B
Squamous lung cancer
C
Adonacarcinoma
D
bronchoalveolar
Question 16
Which is not true for Buerger's desease
A
Associated with smoking
B
Panarteritis
C
Affects large arteries
D
Usually seen in men of 20-40 Years of age
Question 17
Coronary artery aneurysms are the hallmark of
A
Giant cell arteritis
B
Takayasu's arteritis
C
Marfan's syndrome
D
Kawasaki's disease
Question 18
Which in not a high surgical risk for carotid endartrectomy
A
Age> 60 years
B
Left ventricular ejection fraction <30%
C
Previous neck irradiation
D
Contralateral carotid occlusion
Question 19
Closed mitral vulvotomy is done for:
A
MS
B
MR
C
MS+MR
D
All of the above
Question 20
Structures at the level of Angel of Louis except
A
Arch of aorta
B
Tracheal bifurcation
C
Branching Pulmonary aorta
D
Hilum of lung
Question 21
most common anterior mediastinal tumour is
A
Thymoma
B
Lymphoma
C
Neurofihroma
D
Bronchial cyst
Question 22
Mismatch blood transfusion in an anasthetised patient present as:
A
Hyperthermia
B
Hypotension
C
Hypotension & bleeding from the site of the wound
D
Tachycardia
Question 23
Most common site of peripheral aneurysm is:
A
Femoral
B
Brachial
C
Popliteal
D
Radial
Question 24
Benign diseases of esophagus includes all except
A
GERD
B
achalasia
C
Sarcoma
D
Mallory Weiss
Question 25
A mediastinal germ cell tumour with normal alpha fetoprotein levels and minimally elevated betahCG levels is most likely
A
Teratoma
B
Seminoma
C
Choriocarcinoma
D
Embryonal cell carcimoma
Question 26
The superficial peroneal nerve is located in
A
Anterior compartment
B
Lateral compartment
C
Superficial posterior compartment
D
Deep posterior compartment
Question 27
All are true regarding ECG finding in ASD except:
A
ECG normal in 20 to 40% of Children
B
LA is enlarged
C
RA is enlarged
D
Right axis deviation
Question 28
Indication of ECMO in neonates except:
A
Respiratory distress syndrome
B
Primary pulmonary hypertension of the newborn
C
ASD - OS (2cm)
D
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Question 29
A patient develops acute respiratory distress and hypoxemia after central venous catheterization through internal jugular vein. Reason for this is:
A
Pneumothorax
B
Hypovolemia
C
Cardiac tamponade
D
Hemothorax
Question 30
Cardiac myxomas are most commonly located in
A
right atrium
B
Right ventricle
C
left atrium
D
left ventricle
Question 31
The most common catasttophic event involving the aorta is
A
aortic dissection
B
aortitis
C
aortic regurgitation
D
aortic aneurysm
Question 32
How many segments are there in left lung
A
7
B
8
C
9
D
10
Question 33
Situs inversus refers to-
A
Morphologically LA on the left
B
Morphologically LA on the right
C
Morphologically RA on the right
D
Liver on the right
Question 34
Diffuse esophageal spasm is diagnosed by:
A
Endoscopy
B
Manometry
C
Barium swallow
D
CT scan
Question 35
Cervicalrib casues compression of following structures except
A
Brachial plexus
B
Thoracic duet
C
Subclavian artery
D
Subclavian vein
Question 36
Ross procedure is
A
Aortic valve is replaced by pulmonary valve
B
pulmonary valve is replaced by aortic valve
C
Mitral valve is replaced by pulmonary valve
D
Aortic valve is replaced by tricuspid valve
Question 37
"rsR" pattern is seen in
A
ASD
B
VSD
C
AV canal defect
D
PAPVC
Question 38
Least common site of lung abscess
A
Left upper
B
Left lower
C
Right upper
D
Right lower
Question 39
Which of the following is true regarding VSD
A
Perimembranous - 50 to 55%
B
Muscular type - 35 to 40%
C
Infundibular - 5 to 10%
D
None
Question 40
Most common cause of gangrene in a 30 years old farmer who is a chronic smoker:
A
Raynaud's disease
B
Atherosclerosis
C
Myocardial infraction
D
Thromboangitis obliterans
Question 41
The IVC is derived from
A
Right anterior cardinal veins
B
Right common cardinal veins
C
Right posterior cardinal veins
D
Left horn of the sinus venosus
Question 42
Which of the following disorders is characterized by absent peristalsis in the esophageal body
A
Diffuse esophageal spasm
B
Nutcracker esophagus
C
Achalasia
D
Hypertnsive lower esophageal sphincter
Question 43
Which of the following is NOT a risk factor for coronary disease
A
elevated serum homocysteine
B
female gender
C
elevated lipoprotein
D
sedentary ifestyle
Question 44
Clinical features of carotid atherosclerosis include
A
TIA
B
Amaurosisfugax
C
Stroke
D
All of the above
Question 45
Rib notching on X-ray is a features of
A
Neonates with COA
B
Older children (> 10 years) with COA
C
TGA
D
PDA
Question 46
Aortic dissection is considered acute within the first
A
24 hours after the initial tear
B
7 days after the initial tear
C
14 days after the initial tear
D
28 days after the initial tear
Question 47
Which of the following is NOT part of the arterial blood supply to the esophagus
A
Inferior thyroid artery
B
bronchial arteries
C
Inferior phrenic artery
D
Right gastric artery
Question 48
Following are cyanotic lesion except
A
TGA
B
Unobstructed PAPVC
C
Tricuspid atresia
D
TAPVC
Question 49
Potts shunt is
A
Subclavian to RPA
B
Descending aorta to LPA
C
SVC to RPA
D
Ascending aorta to MPA
Question 50
All are true regarding closure of PDA except:
A
most closes within 2 - 3 weeks of birth
B
Closes by contraction of the medial muscle of the duct
C
By intimal hyperplasia
D
closure is mediated by increased CO2 tension in the duct
Question 51
number of sphincters in esophagus
A
2
B
3
C
4
D
5
Question 52
Normal intra ahdominal length of esophagus include
A
3 cms
B
2 cms
C
4 cms
D
1 cm
Question 53
Development of lungs begins as early as in-
A
4 weeks
B
8 weeks
C
5 weeks
D
6 weeks
Question 54
Ligation which nerve will lead to paresthesia and pain on the dorsum of the foot during harvesting of great saphenous vein in CABG:
A
Geniculate
B
Sural
C
Saphenous
D
Deep Peroneal
Question 55
Percentage of Sinus venosus type defects
A
< 1%
B
20%
C
10%
D
12%
Question 56
Which of the following mediastinal masses is most likely to be found in the anterior mediastinum
A
Pleuropericardial
B
Ganglioneuroma
C
Pheochromocytoma
D
Germ cell turnour
Question 57
All of the following are true of axillary vein thrombosis EXCEPT:
A
May be caused by a cervical rib
B
Treated with IV anticoagulant
C
Embolectomy is done in all cases
D
May occur following excessive exercise
Question 58
Which of the following is the imaging modality of choice for diagnosis of thoracicaorta aneurysms?
A
Plain radiograph of chest
B
Ultrasound
C
CT Scan
D
Aortography
Question 59
Boot shaped heart is a features of
A
TAPVC
B
ASD
C
TOF
D
COA
Question 60
Heparin induces anticoagulation primarily by   
A
Increasing production of antithrombin
B
Increasing the activity of antithrombin
C
Increasing conversion of factor X to Xa
D
Increasing conversion of factor XI to XIa
Question 61
Pancoast tumour affects which lobe most commonly
A
Left upper lboe
B
Right upper lobe
C
Left lower lobe
D
Right upper lobe
Question 62
the most sensitive and specific investigation for aortic dissection is
A
D- dimmer levels
B
CT scan
C
MR angiography
D
Transesophageal Echocardiography
Question 63
Indication for placement of IVC filter is
A
recurrent deep vein thrombosis despite adequate anticoagulation
B
Acute limb ischemia
C
Lymphedema
D
Varicose veins
Question 64
Great saphenous vein is accompanied by
A
saphenous nerve
B
sural nerve
C
sciatic nerve
D
peroneal nerve
Question 65
The onset of edema in lymhedema tarda is
A
after 2 Years of age
B
after 10 Years of age
C
after 35 Years of age
D
after 50 Years of age
Question 66
Blood clot the size of a clenched fist roughly equal:
A
250ml
B
350ml
C
500ml
D
600ml
Question 67
Investigation of choice for Zenkar's diverticulum:
A
CECT
B
Endoscopy
C
Esophageal manometry
D
Barium Swallow
Question 68
The most common cause of mitral valve stenosis
A
Coronary artery disease
B
Congenital stenosis
C
Bacterial endocarditis
D
Rheumatic heart disease
Question 69
Commonly used for bifurcation graft for replacement of distal aorta is
A
PVC
B
Polyethylene
C
Dacron
D
Polyproplene
Question 70
Most common cause of renovascular hypertension is
A
Diabetes
B
Marfan syndrome
C
Fibromuscular dysplasia
D
Atherosclerosis
Question 71
Which of the following veins does not have valves
A
cranial sinuses
B
portal vein
C
lilac veins
D
all of the above
Question 72
All are features of TOF except:
A
Presence of ASD
B
RVOT obstruction
C
Overriding of aorta
D
Hypoplastic PA
Question 73
Last stage clubbing include
A
Spoon shaped
B
Hypertrophic ostoarthropathy
C
Dum stick
D
None of the above
Question 74
Warfarin inhibits gamma carboxylation of which of the following
A
Factor III
B
Factor VII
C
Factor VIII
D
Factor XI
Question 75
Which of the following has left to right shunt except:
A
PAPVC
B
VSD
C
Aortopumonary window
D
Eisenmenger syndrome
Question 76
For great saphenous vein false is
A
Continuation of the dorsal venous arch
B
Runs in close proximity to the saphenous nerve
C
Runs posterior to the medial malleolus
D
Empties into the common femoral vein
Question 77
The most common congenital malformation of the heart or great vessels is
A
Bicuspid aortic valve
B
Tetralogy of fallot
C
Transposition of great arteries
D
Truncus arteriosus
Question 78
Patients with claudication typically have an ankle brachial index in the range of
A
1 - 0.9
B
0.9- 0.7
C
0.7- 0.5
D
0.5- 0.3
Question 79
Most common site of Morgagni hernia is:
A
Right anterior
B
Right posterior
C
Left anterior
D
Left posterior
Question 80
Most common primary cardiac tumor:
A
Fobroma
B
Myxoma
C
Fibrosarcoma
D
Angiosarcoma
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